Human IdentificationThrough skeletal analysis, a biological profile is created to narrow for the first parameters used for identification, such as Age at Death, Sex, Ancestry, Stature, Unique Morphological Features, Radiography, Dentition, Healed Skeletal Trauma or Pathology. These parameters are estimated from human remains and compared to missing person data such as in NamUs.org
Living Person Age EstimationWith the use of dental or skeletal radiographs, an estimated age range can provide law enforcement the tools needed to identify the age of an unknown person. Estimating age, particularly to distinguish juveniles from adults, has been particularly important in cases of missing children and human trafficking.
Clandestine Grave Search and RecoveryA number of remote sensing techniques are available and are routinely employed in the search for clandestine burials including aerial and historic images and mapping, Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR), chemical soil analysis, and GIS.
Outdoor Crime Scene ExcavationTechniques and methods adapted from archaeology are used to process outdoor crime scenes involving human remains, including the search and recovery of evidence, documentation, photography, mapping, excavation, evidence collection and storage. The methods that the lab uses for surface and burial recovery of human remains allows for a thorough investigation and as complete a recovery of all human remains and evidence as possible.
Trauma AnalysisThe mechanism of injury and circumstances surrounding death may be determined through the analysis of skeletal fracture patterns. Interpreting the number, sequence, and mechanism of injuries helps establish the cause of death and whether a crime was committed. Skeletal trauma associated with the death is clearly delineated from postmortem artifacts such as burial damage or animal scavenging so that inflicted or accidental injuries are differentiated.